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Entries / Lazarevskaya Burial Vault

Lazarevskaya Burial Vault


Categories / Architecture/Cemeteries (see also Municipal Economy)
Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Religious Architecture (see also Religion.Church)

LAZAREVSKAYA BURIAL VAULT, St. Lazarus’ Church within the ensemble of Alexander Nevsky Lavra. A small stone church (so-called tent) was built in 1717 behind the altar of the Holy Annunciation Church for the burial of Natalia Alexeevna (in 1723, her ashes were transferred to stone Blagoveshchenskaya burial vault). In 1787-89, Lazarevskaya burial vault was extended, in 1835-36, completely reconstructed (architect L.Y. Tiblen), financed by Count D.N. Sheremetev (it was the family burial vault of the Sheremetev counts). In 1923, Lazarevskaya burial vault was conveyed to the Old Petersburg Society, since 1932, it was a part of the necropolis museum (see The Museum of City Sculpture); the iconostasis and inner paintings were demolished. In the 1930s, certain gravestones from the Church of Our Lady Fedorovskaya and the Descent of the Holy Spirit Church of the Lavra were transferred to Lazarevskaya burial vault. Currently, there are over 80 grave monuments and plaques at Lazarevskaya burial vault (over 30 of them were transferred from other necropolises). Among the buried are the former-peasant actress P.I. Kovaleva-Zhemchugova (married, Countess Sheremeteva), her husband, Count N.P. Sheremetyev, I.A. Gannibal (grand-uncle of Alexander Pushkin), Conference Secretary of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences G.N. Teplov, General P.I. Melissino (gravestone - 1800, sculptor M.I. Kozlovsky), musician M.Y. Vielgorsky (see the Vielgorsky family), statesmen A.S. Shishkov, V.P. Kochubey, D.V. Dashkov, L.A. Petrovsky (gravestone - 1857, architect M.A. Shchurupov).

Reference: Пирютко Ю. М. Лазаревская усыпальница - памятник русской культуры XVIII-XIX вв. // Памятники культуры: Новые открытия: Ежегодник, 1988. М., 1989. С. 485-497.

Y. M. Piryutko.

Persons
Dashkov Dmitry Vasilievich
Gannibal Ivan Abramovich
Kochubey Viktor Sergeevich, Duke
Kovaleva-Zhemchugova Praskovya Ivanovna, Countess Sheremeteva
Kozlovsky Mikhail Ivanovich
Melissino Peter Ivanovich
Natalia Alexeevna, Duchess
Perovsky Lev Alexeevich, Count
Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich
Shchurupov Mikhail Arefievich
Sheremetev Dmitry Nikolaevich, Count
Sheremetev Nikolay Petrovich, Count
Shishkov V.M.
Teplov Grigory Nikolaevich
Tiblen Lev Yakovlevich
Vielgorsky Mikhail Yurievich

Bibliographies
Пирютко Ю. М. Лазаревская усыпальница - памятник русской культуры XVIII-XIX вв. // Памятники культуры: Новые открытия: Ежегодник, 1988. М., 1989

The subject Index
Alexander Nevsky Lavra
Old Petersburg, Society
Museum of City Sculpture


Alexander Nevsky Lavra

ALEXANDER NEVSKY LAVRA, located at 1 Alexander Nevsky Square. The monastery dedicated to the Holy Trinity and St. Alexander Nevsky. It was founded in 1710 by Tsar Peter the Great at the confluence of the Chernaya River (today the Monastyrka River)

Bichurin N.Y. (Iakinf) (1777-1853), Chinologist, translator

BICHURIN Nikita Yakovlevich (monastic name Iakinf) (1777-1853, St. Petersburg), scholar of Eastern Studies, corresponding member of Russian Academy (1828). Graduated from the Theological Seminary of Kazan (1799)

Chicherin N.I. Chief of the Police General in 1745-60

CHICHERIN Nikolay Ivanovich (1724-1782), statesman and combat leader, general en shef (1773). In 1737 he was registered in the Guards, in 1740 a batman of Anton Ulrich Duke of Brunswick. In 1742 he was transferred to the Army

Devier A.M. General Policeman 1744-45

DEVIER (De Vierra) Anton Manuilovich (1682-1745, St. Petersburg), Count (1726), statesman and military officer, General-en-Chief (1744). He was a son of the baptized Jew from Portugal who settled in Holland

Dolgorukov Family

DOLGORUKOV (Dolgoruky), princely family, the Rurik Dinasty, important in the 15th century. Yakov Fedorovich Dolgorukov (1639-1720, St. Petersburg) was a statesman, associate of Peter the Great's, boyar (1697)

Euler L., (1707-1783), mathematician

EULER Leonard (1707-83), mathematician, mechanical engineer, and physicist. A native of Switzerland, he studied at Basel University. Invited to the Petersburg Academy of Sciences, where he worked as a scientific assistant from 1726

Fonvizin D.I. (1744/45-1792), writer

FONVIZIN (von Vizin) Denis Ivanovich (1744 or 1745 - 1792, St. Petersburg), writer, fellow of Russian Academy (1783). He was educated at a gymnasia attached to Moscow University (1755-62). His first visit to St. Petersburg dates back to 1759-60

Gravestones (entry)

GRAVESTONES. The Necropolis-Museum of the 18th Century preserves cast-iron gravestones of T.A. Litvinova, S.A. Apraxina, P.F. Balk-Polev, P.N. Melgunov and others (1730-50s) with typical epitaphs in ornamented frames with armour and heraldic symbols

Kochubey V.P. (1768-1834), statesman

KOCHUBEY Viktor Pavlovich (1768-1834), Prince (1831), statesman, Chancellor for Internal Affairs (1834), Honorary Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1818). Maternal nephew of Prince A. A. Bezborodko, riding on his coattails

Krasheninnikov S.P., (1711-1755), geographer

KRASHENINNIKOV Stepan Petrovich (1713, according to the other data, 1711 - 1755, St. Petersburg), geographer, member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1750)

Lomonosov M.V. (1711-1765), scientist, poet

LOMONOSOV Mikhail Vasilievich (1711-1765), scientist, poet, enlightener. He came from a prosperous family based by the White Sea. In 1731-35 he studied in Moscow, from 1736 in the Academic University of St

Monasteries (entry)

MONASTERIES, there were four monasteries in Petrograd (two women’s convents and two men’s monasteries) by 1917, and 42 metochions, which functioned according to monastery regulations

Mordvinov N.S. (1754-1845), Admiral, statesman

MORDVINOV Nikolay Semenovich (1754-1845, St. Petersburg), statesman and military figure, economist, admiral (1797), honorary member of Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1826) and Russian Academy (1818). The son of S.I

Muravyev M.N. (1757-1807), poet

MURAVYEV Mikhail Nikitich (1757-1807, St. Petersburg), writer, statesman, Privy Councilor (1800), Fellow of the Russian Academy (1804). Father of two Decembrists, N.M. Muravyev and A.M. Muravyev

Museum of City Sculpture

MUSEUM OF CITY SCULPTURE, State Museum of City Sculpture (STCS) (179/2 Nevsky Prospect) was organised in 1939 with the aim to keep records, provide protection and carry out restoration of major monuments

Necropolis of the18th Century

NECROPOLIS OF THE 18TH CENTURY (before 1939, the Lazarevskoe Cemetery), memorial necropolis, part of the City Sculpture Museum (from 1932) on the territory of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra. Its square takes up 0.7 hectares

Ratkov-Rozhnov V.A. (1834-1912), Mayor

RATKOV-ROZHNOV Vladimir Alexandrovich (1834-1912, St. Petersburg), public official, businessman, representative of the dynasty of St. Petersburg manufacturers and house-owners (see the Ratkov-Rozhnov Family), Valid Secret Counsellor (1898)

Shishkov A.S. (1754-1841), man of letters, philologist, statesman

SHISHKOV Alexander Semenovich (1754-1841, St. Petersburg), a statesman, military leader, philologist, man of letters, Admiral (1824), Honorary Fellow of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1800)

Shulgin D.I. governor-general in 1848-54

SHULGIN Dmitry Ivanovich (1785-1854, St. Petersburg), statesman and combat leader, infantry general (1848). After graduating from the boarding school of Moscow university (1800) he served in the Guards, took part in the Russo-French wars of 1805

Shuvalov Family

SHUVALOV FAMILY, nobles and counts (since 1746), known since the 16th century. I.I. Shuvalov was a favourite of Empress Elizaveta Petrovna's. His brothers were Alexander Ivanovich Shuvalov (1710-71), a Count (1746), statesman

Sidorov M. K. (1823-1887), explorer of the Russian North, public figure

SIDOROV Mikhail Konstantinovich (1823-1887), entrepreneur, public figure, first-guild merchant. He was a student at Arkhangelskaya Gymnasium but failed to finish the course of studies

Stroganov Family

STROGANOV FAMILY, barons (from 1722) and counts (from 1826; some branches had the title of Count from 1761); family originating from notable people of the second half of the 15th century. Several family members were closely associated with St

Tatishchev A.D. Chief of Police General in 1745-60

TATISHCHEV Alexey Danilovich (1697-1760, St. Petersburg), statesman, general en shef (1757). Since 1712 he had been in the military service, took part in the Great Northern war of 1700-21, since 1718 a batman of tsar Peter the Great

Vielgorsky Mikhail Yuryevich and Vielgorsky Matvey Yurievich, Counts, musicians

VIELGORSKY MIKHAIL YURYEVICH AND VIELGORSKY MATVEY YURIEVICH, Counts, musicians, patrons of art, brothers ("brothers of harmony"). Born in St. Petersburg. Their father authored drama and musical works, worked as a parlour musician

Vyazmitinov S.K., Governor General 1805-1807; 1816-18

VYAZMITINOV Sergey Kuzmich (1744-1819, St. Petersburg), Count (1818), state and military figure, Infantry General (1798). Entered military service in 1759, participated in the Seven-Year War of 1756-63

Witte S.Y. (1849-1915), statesman

WITTE Sergey Yulievich (1849-1915, П.), count (1905), statesman, Actual Privy Counsellor (1899), Secretary of State (1896), Honorary Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1893)

Yakovlev S. Y. (1712-1784), entrepreneur

YAKOVLEV (Sobakin) Savva Yakovlevich (1712-1784), manufacturer. A representative of petty bourgeoisie from Ostashkov, he owned dozens of butcher shops and co-owned a wine-house in St. Petersburg

Yatsevich A.G. (1887-1942), Regional Ethnographer

YATSEVICH Andrey Grigorievich (1887, St. Petersburg - 1942, Leningrad) art historian, regional ethnographer, specialist in the works by Pushkin. Yatsevich graduated from the Faculty of Law of St. Petersburg University in 1905