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The subject index / Court Cathedral of Our Lady Feodorovskaya

Court Cathedral of Our Lady Feodorovskaya

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Religious Architecture (see also Religion.Church)
Categories / Religion. Church/Places of Worship (see also Architecture and Urban Planning)
Categories / Tsarskoe Selo and town of Pushkin. The digital chronological reference book/Monuments of history and culture

COURT CATHEDRAL OF OUR LADY FEODOROVSKAYA in Tsarskoe Selo, located at 32 Akademichesky Avenue, Pushkin, an architectural monument, attached to the unfinished complex of Feodorovsky settlement. Construction works commissioned by the Imperial family were undertaken in 1909-12, to the designs of architect V. A. Pokrovsky, who took the Holy Annunciation Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin as a model. The building includes the Upper Church consecrated in the name of the Icon of Our Lady Feodorovskaya, which was a sacred, ancestral icon belonging the Romanov Dynasty, and the Lower (Cave) Church of St. Seraphim of Sarov. The facades are adorned with mosaic panels made in the workshop of V. A. Frolov. The five-tier iconostasis of the Upper Church contains icons made in Moscow in the workshop of N. S. Emelyanov according to ancient patterns, it can currently be seen in the Museum of Religious History. The church plates were made to look like those of the 17th century and were produced by Olovyanishnikov’s Company. The Lower church is decorated according to the plans of architect V. L. Maximov with 17th century icons. The walls were upholstered with dark textile and ornamented with polychrome patterns (artists I. P. Pashkov and V. S. Shcherbakov). The cathedral treasured the relics of St. Seraphim of Sarov. The Imperial family of Emperor Nicholas II usually prayed here (there was also a separate chapel for the Empress). The cathedral was originally owned by His Imperial Majesty’s Escort and Household Infantry Regiment, which guarded the Imperial residence, but was transferred to government ownership in 1914. At the beginning of 1934, the cathedral was closed down and turned into a cinema theatre, decorations were either taken to museums or ransacked. In the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45, the building was extensively damaged, later it functioned as a storehouse. In 1985-95, restoration was carried out. In February 1992, services in the Lower church were resumed, and in the summer of 1996 services started in the Upper church as well. In 1993, a bronze bust of Emperor Nicholas II (sculptor V. V. Zayko) was unveiled next to Court Cathedral of Our Lady Feodorovskaya.

References: Мещанинов М. Ю. Храмы Царского Села, Павловска и их ближайших окрестностей. СПб., 2000. С. 41-52; Кузнецов В. В. "Вспоминаю наш храм..." // С.-Петерб. епарх. ведомости. 2001. № 24. С. 77-87; Черновская Л. Ф. Государев собор // Там же. С. 88-95; Феодоровский Государев собор / Авт. текста: Л. В. Бардовская, Г. Д. Ходасевич. СПб., 2002.

V. V. Antonov.

Emelyanov Nikolay Sergeevich
Frolov Vladimir Alexandrovich
Nicholas II, Emperor
Olovyanishnikov P.I.
Pashkov Ivan Vasilievich
Pokrovsky Vladimir Alexandrovich
Shcherbakov Valentin Semenovich
Zayko Viktor Vladimirovich

Akademichesky Avenue/Pushkin, town, house 32

Черновская Л. Ф. Государев собор // С.-Петерб. епарх. ведомости
Мещанинов М. Ю. Храмы Царского Села, Павловска и их ближайших окрестностей. СПб., 2000
Кузнецов В. В. "Вспоминаю наш храм..." // С.-Петерб. епарх. ведомости, 2001

The subject Index
Feodorovsky Settlement (Pushkin Town)
Museum of History of Religion
Combined Infantry of His Imperial Majesty’s Own Regiment



4 March. On N.S. Gumilyov's initiative I.F. Annensky was acquainted with the critic S.K. Makovsky and the poet M.A. Voloshin in the flat of I.F. Annensky in Sophia Town
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


11 January. The memorial plaque with the inscription "The Emperor Lyceum Was Placed in This Building from 1811 untill 1843" was opened on the building of the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum by the 100th anniversary of its founding
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


Society for the protection of maternity and babies began to work under the management of Professor N.V. Yastrebov in the building of the Maternity Orphanage of Drozhzhina (the present address is 14 Pavlovsky Road)
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


2 January. The train collision took place at the railway line linked Peterburg and Tsarskoye Selo. Anna Vyrubova, a maid of honour and close friend of the Empress, was seriosly injured at this disaster. A
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


1 September. 11810 pupils sat down at the desks in nineteen schools of Pushkin Town. The Chamber of Commerce and Industry was founded in Pushkin Town. The businessman B.L. Blotner was the first president of the Chamber. V.I
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


The Tsarskoye Selo Art Prize for creative contribution in the Russian culture and arts development was established. Founders of the Prize were the All_Russian Museum of A.S
Source: Tsarskoe Selo

Barracks of the Own His Emperor Majesty Escort

During its random staying in Tsarskoye Selo over the 19th century the Emperor Escort occupied hussar and cuirassier barracks. The first permanent wooden barracks of the Own His Emperor Majesty Escort were built in 1895 in the Alexander Park in
Source: Tsarskoe Selo

Feodorovsky Settlement (Pushkin Town)

FEODOROVSKY SETTLEMENT, an architectural ensemble of the town of Pushkin, to the north-west from the Alexandrovsky Park. It was constructed in the Neo-Russian style on the initiative of Emperor Nicholas II and encompasses the Court Cathedral of Our

Krichinsky S. S., (1874-1923), architect

KRICHINSKY Stepan Samoilovich (1874-1923), architect. After graduating from the Civil Engineers' Institute in 1897, he held a post in the Central Directorate for Irregular Duties

Military Churches (entry)

MILITARY CHURCHES, churches attached to military units, emerged parallelly with the foundation of the city, set up as field churches in regimental settlements - garrison, infantry and guards quarters

Miracle-Working and Revered Icons (entry)

MIRACLE-WORKING AND REVERED ICONS. The most famous Miracle-Working icon of Our Lady of Kazan — the copy of the 16th century of the lost Miracle-Working icon of the same name, can now be seen in the Kazan Cathedral

Nicholas II, the Emperor (1868-1918)

Nicholas II (1868, Tsarskoe Selo - 1918), Emperor from 1894 to 1917. Son of Emperor Alexander III and Empress Maria Fedorovna. Married Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt, who took the name of Alexandra Fedorovna

Pokrovsky V.A. (1871-1931), architect

POKROVSKY Vladimir Alexandrovich (1871-1931, Leningrad), an architect, master of the early 20th century neo-Russian style. Graduated from the Academy of Arts (1898; Academician of Architecture since 1907

Pushkin, town

PUSHKIN, a town and municipal unit situated south of Saint Petersburg. Known until 1918 as Tsarskoe Selo, and in 1918-37 as Detskoe Selo. As of 2002, population totalled approximately 95,000 inhabitants

Russian Style

RUSSIAN STYLE. A trend in Russian architecture of the 19th - beginning of the 20th century, based on using methods and shapes of ancient and traditional Russian art and architecture. The Russian style emerged out of the aesthetics of Romanticism