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Rubricator / / Science. Education
Panchenko А.М. (1937-2002), literature historian

PACNHENKO Alexander Mikhailovich (1937, Leningrad - 2002, St. Petersburg), historian specialised in Russian literature and culture, Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1991, Professor in 1980. A member of the Union of Writers from 1980

Party History Institute

PARTY HISTORY INSTITUTE of the Leningrad Regional Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, a branch of the Institute of Marxism-Leninism working under the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1939

Pavlov I.P., (1849-1936), physiologist

PAVLOV Ivan Petrovich (1849-1936, Leningrad), physiologist, member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1907), Russian Academy of Sciences (1917), Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1925). He came to St

Pavlov Institute of Physiology

PAVLOV INSTITUTE OF PHYSIOLOGY of the Russian Academy of Sciences, located at 6 Makarova Embankment, is a scientific research institution and a coordinating centre for research into animal and human physiology

Pavlov Medical University

PAVLOV MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, St. Petersburg State Medical University situated at 8/6 Leo Tolstoy Street. It was founded by subscription in 1897 as the first national Women's Medical Institute

Pavlovsk Museum Park

PAVLOVSK MUSEUM PARK was formed in 1918 on the palace ensemble grounds in Pavlovsk. It includes the Grand Palace, the Palace Park and the Private Garden, the Temple of Friendship, the Colonnade of Apollo, the Pil Tower, the Pavilion of Three Graces

Pedagogical University

PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY, Herzen Russian State Pedagogical University, situated at 48 Moika River Embankment. It originates from the Imperial Foster Home founded in 1797

Penaty, Museum Estate

PENATY (411 Primorskoe Highway, Repino) is a museum estate of I. E. Repin, a branch of the Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts. The museum is located near Repino railway station (before 1944, the place was called Kuokkala; in 1918-39

Peterhof Museum Park

PETERHOF MUSEUM PARK. Called Petrodvorets State Museum Park in 1944-91, the museum was founded in 1918. It included the palace and park ensemble in the town of Peterhof: the Lower Park and the Upper Park with fountains, a system of canals and pools

Petrov Institute of Oncology

PETROV INSTITUTE OF ONCOLOGY, Professor Petrov Research Institute of Oncology situated at 68 Leningradskaya Street, Pesochny Settlement. It was founded in 1927 as the Practical Institute of Oncology attached to the Health Department of Leningrad

Petrov P.N. (1827-1891), Art Historian, Regional Ethnographer

PETROV Peter Nikolaevich (1827, St. Petersburg - 1891, St. Petersburg), art historian, regional ethnographer, writer. An honorary associate of the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts (1864)

Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences

PHYSICAL INSTITUTE, located at 7/9 Universitetskaya Embankment, was established in 1725 as part of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences as the Physics Study (before 1912)

Pimenov R.I. (1931-1990), mathematician, human rights activist

PIMENOV Revolt Ivanovich (1931-1990), political scientist, human rights activist, Ph.D. (Doctor of Mathematics) (1969). Lived in Leningrad since 1948 (42 Voinova Street, today Shpalernaya Street)

Piotrovsky B.B., (1908-1990), archaeologist

PIOTROVSKY Boris Borisovich (1908, St. Petersburg - 1990, Leningrad), orientalist, archaeologist, museum worker, member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1970), honoured worker of arts of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1964)

Pirogov Museum

PIROGOV MUSEUM, Memorial Pirogov Museum founded in 1890 on the basis of the Medical Assembly of the Pirogov Russian Surgical Society. Named after N. I. Pirogov, it was opened in 1898 in the building erected by subscription


PLANETARIUM, located at 4 Alexandrovsky Park, was opened in 1959. It is supplied with state-of-the-art equipment for solar and stellar observations. The St. Petersburg Observatory contains the largest refracting telescope in the city

Platonov S.F., (1860-1933), historian

PLATONOV Sergey Fedorovich (1860-1933), historian, member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1920). He lived in St. Petersburg from 1869. Graduated from the faculty of history and philology of the University of St. Petersburg in 1882

Plekhanov State Mining Institute, St. Petersburg

PLEKHANOV STATE MINING INSTITUTE, St. Petersburg, (the Technical University), located at 2 Twenty-First Line of Vasilievsky Island is the oldest technical institution of higher education in Russia

Pokrovsky N.V. (1848-1917), historian, archaeologist

POKROVSKY Nikolay Vasilievich (1848-1917, Petrograd), archaeologist and art historian, Doctor of Church History (1892). Upon graduating from St. Petersburg Theological Academy in 1874

Polenov Neurosurgical Institute

POLENOV NEUROSURGICAL INSTITUTE, Professor Polenov Russian Neurosurgical Research Institute situated at 12 Mayakovskogo Street. It was founded as the Leningrad Practice Institute for Surgical Neuropathology in the former Alexandrinskaya Women's

Polytechnical University

POLYTECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University situated at 29 Politekhnicheskaya Street. It was founded as the Polytechnical Institute in 1899, named after Peter the Great in 1910-17

Polzunov Research and Production Company

POLZUNOV RESEARCH AND PRODUCTION COMPANY for the research and design of mechanical and electrical equipment, also known as the Research and Production Company of the Central Boiler Turbine Institute, situated at 6/3 Atamanskaya Street

Popov A.S., (1859-1905), physicist

POPOV Alexander Stepanovich (1859-1905, St. Petersburg), physicist and electrical engineer. He graduated from the University of St. Petersburg in 1882. From 1883 to 1900, he taught at various military educational institutions of Kronstadt and St

Popov Memorial Museum

POPOV MEMORIAL MUSEUM (5 Professora Popova Street) was established in 1967 in the buildings of LETI Electrotechnical University (Leningrad Electrotechnical Institute). It unites the scholar’s laboratory and Popov’s Apartment Museum

Pososhkov I.T. (1652-1726), economist

POSOSHKOV Ivan Tikhonovich (1652-1726, St. Petersburg), economist and essayist, self-taught. He plied various trades, before becoming a merchant, then entrepreneur, bought lands, including two yards in St. Petersburg (1716)

Predtechensky A.V. (1893-1966), historian

PREDTECHENSKY Anatoly Vasilievich (1893-1966, Leningrad), historian, Ph.D. (history) 1941. He came to St. Petersburg in 1908. In 1918, he graduated from the Faculty of History and Philology of Petrograd University

Presnyakov A.E., (1870-1929), historian

PRESNYAKOV Alexander Evgenievich (1870-1929, Leningrad), historian, collegiate member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1920). He came to St. Petersburg in 1889 and entered the faculty of history and philology of the University of St

Propp V.Y. (1895-1970), literature historian

PROPP Vladimir Yakovlevich (1895-1970), literary historian and folklore scholar awarded a Ph.D. (philology) in 1939. He graduated from Petrograd University with a major in history and philology in 1918

Przhevalsky N.M., (1839-1888), geographer

PRZHEVALSKY Nikolay Mikhailovich (1839-1888), geographer, major general (1886), member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1878), honorary citizen of St. Petersburg (1880). He graduated from the Academy of the General Staff in 1863

Public Education (entry)

PUBLIC EDUCATION. It was Peter the Great who laid the basis for public education in St. Petersburg placing the greatest emphasis on military and professional education with the Naval Academy founded in approximately 1715