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The subject index / Army Medical Academy

Army Medical Academy

Categories / Medicine. Public Health/Scientific-research and Educational Institutions and Organizations (see also Science and Education)
Categories / Science. Education/Educational Institutions

ARMY MEDICAL ACADEMY situated at 6 Akademika Lebedeva Street, an educational institution providing training for army doctors. A unique scientific and medical centre. It was founded in 1798 as the Petersburg Medical and Surgical Academy based on a medical and surgical school. Ranked as one of the best educational institutions in the empire, it was known as the Imperial Medical and Surgical Academy from 1808. A member of the Medical and Surgical Academy (Army Medical Academy) had the rights, liabilities, and benefits of a member of the Academy of Sciences. The academy received its present-day name in 1881 and was named after S. M. Kirov from 1935 to the start of the 1990s. In 1956, it was united with the Naval Medical Academy established on the basis of Obukhovskaya Hospital and the Third Leningrad Medical Institute in 1940. The academy had six faculties, 61 departments, 30 clinics, 16 research laboratories, and two research centres in 2002. It played a major role in the development of Russian natural science and medicine. Memorial plaques perpetuate the names of N. N. Anichkov, M. I. Arinkin, V. M. Bekhterev, E. I. Bogdanovsky, S. P. Botkin, A. P. Borodin, Z. M. Volynsky, S. S. Girgolav, I. I. Grekov, N. N. Zinin, I. S. Kolesnikov, A. P. Kolesov, N. S. Korotkov, N. P. Kravkov, A. Y. Krassovsky, P. A. Kupriyanov, S. V. Lebedev, M. S. Maslov, A. V. Melnikov, N. S. Molchanov, A. A. Nechaev, V. A. Oppel, L. A. Orbeli, V. P. Osipov, E. N. Pavlovsky, I. P. Pavlov, V. V. Petrov, I. R. Petrov, N. I. Pirogov, I. M. Sechenov, V. N. Tonkov, S. P. Fedorov, K. M. Figurnov, N. Y. Chistovich, V. N. Shamov, and V. N. Shevkunenko. There is a monument to Y. V. Ville installed in the park of the academy, a monument to Botkin in front of the former Mikhailovskaya Hospital, a monument to Pirogov on the territory of the former Obukhovskaya Hospital, a monument to Pirogov and busts of Bogdanovsky and Fedorov in the former Clinical Hospital, a monument to H. I. Turner in the yard of the department of military traumatology and orthopedics, and a monument to all army doctors who fell in action on Voennykh Medikov Square (Square of Army Doctors) by architect Y. K. Mityurev and sculptor B. A. Petrov in 1996. The main building follows the style of Russian classicism, designed by architect A. Porto in 1798. There are picturesque panels based on sketches by artist D. Bernasconi retained in the entrance hall (former conference hall) and a sculpture of the goddess of health Hygeia installed in front of the building.

References: Профессора Военно-медицинской (Медико-хирургической) академии (1798-1998). СПб., 1998; Российская Военно-медицинская академия (1798-1998). СПб., 1998.

T. I. Grekova.

Anichkov Nikolay Nikolaevich
Arinkin Mikhail Innokentievich
Bekhterev Vladimir Mikhailovich
Bernasconi Giuseppe
Bogdanovsky Evstafy Ivanovich
Borodin Alexander Porfirievich
Botkin Sergey Petrovich
Chistovich Nikolay Yakovlevich
Fedorov Sergey Petrovich
Figurnov Konstantin Mikhailovich
Girgolav Semen Semenovich
Grekov Ivan Ivanovich
Kolesnikov Ivan Stepanovich
Kolesov Anatoly Panteleimonovich
Korotkov Nikolay Sergeevich
Krassovsky Anton Yakovlevich
Kravkov Nikolay Pavlovich
Kupriyanov Peter Andreevich
Lebedev Sergey Vasilievich
Maslov Mikhail Stepanovich
Melnikov Alexander Vasilievich
Mityurev Yury Konstantinovich
Molchanov Nikolay Semenovich
Nechaev Alexander Afanasievich
Oppel Vladimir Andreevich
Orbeli Leon (Levon) Abgarovich
Osipov Viktor Petrovich
Pavlov Ivan Petrovich
Pavlovsky Evgeny Nikolaevich
Petrov Boris Anatolievich
Petrov Ioakim Romanovich
Petrov Vasily Vladimirovich
Pirogov Nikolay Ivanovich
Porto Antonio
Sechenov Ivan Mikhailovich
Shamov Vladimir Nikolaevich
Shevkunenko Viktor Nikolaevich
Tonkov Vladimir Nikolaevich
Turner Henrich Ivanovich
Volynsky Zinovy Moiseevich
Willie Yakov (James) Vasilievich
Zinin Nikolay Nikolaevich

Akademika Lebedeva St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 6

Российская Военно-медицинсая академия (1798-1998). СПб., 1998
Профессора Военно-медицинской (Медико-хирургической) академии (1798-1998). СПб., 1998

The subject Index
Obukhovskaya Hospital


Anichkov N. N. (1885 - 1964), pathologist

ANICHKOV Nikolay Nikolaevich (1885, St. Petersburg - 1964, Leningrad), pathologist, academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1939) and Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1944), Distinguished Worker of Science (1935)

Anichkov S. V., (1892 - 1981), pharmacologist

ANICHKOV Sergey Viktorovich (1892, St. Petersburg - 1981, Leningrad), pharmacologist, academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1950), Hero of Socialist Labour

Bekhterev V.M., (1857-1927), psychoneurologist

BEKHTEREV Vladimir Mikhailovich (1857-1927), psycho-neurologist, founder of reflexology, Professor (1885), Academician (1899) of the Army Medical College, Honourable Figure of Science (1927). Graduated from the Medical Surgical Academy in 1878

Bogdanovsky E. I., (1833-1888), surgeon

BOGDANOVSKY Evstafy Ivanovich (1833-1888, St. Petersburg), surgeon. He graduated from the Medical Surgical Academy (1858). Bogdanovsky was a Doctor of Medicine and Surgery (1861), trained in the clinics of Germany, Austria, France

Botkin S. P., (1832-1889), doctor

BOTKIN Sergey Petrovich (1832-1889), doctor, public figure, Doctor of Medicine (1860), Secret Councillor (1877). He graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of Moscow University (1855)

Botkinskaya Street

BOTKINSKAYA STREET, from the late 18th century - Ofitserskaya Street, in 1858-98 - Samarskaya Street. It runs from Lenina Square to Voennykh Medikov Square and Bolshoy Sampsonievsky Avenue

Dubrovin A. I. (1855-1921), public figure

DUBROVIN Alexander Ivanovich (1855-1921) was a doctor, political and public figure, State Counsellor. On graduating from the Medical Surgical Academy (1879) he served as a military doctor. From 1889, he worked in children's orphanages of St

Eichenbaum B.М., (1886-1959), literary historian

EICHENBAUM Boris Mikhailovich (1886-1959, Leningrad), a literary historian, Ph.D. (philology) in 1918. Living in St. Petersburg from 1905, he studied at the Army Medical Academy and P. F

Fedorov S. P., (1869-1936), surgeon-urologist

FEDOROV Sergey Petrovich (1869-1936, Leningrad), surgeon-urologist, Doctor of Medicine (1895), court surgeon (1913). Fedorov graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of Moscow University (1881)

Health Service (common)

HEALTH SERVICE, PUBLIC. The first stationary medical institutions in St. Petersburg were military hospitals for the army and the navy (opened in 1715 and 1717)

Hospitals, military (common)

HOSPITALS, MILITARY. The first Admiralty hospital was set up by order of Tsar Peter the Great on Vyborgskaya Side in 1715. In 1717, the Land military hospital was opened, which together with the Admiralty hospital formed a single ensemble (the 1720s

Ivashentsov G. A., (1883-1933), doctor of infectious diseases

IVASHENTSOV Gleb Alexandrovich (1883-1933, Leningrad), doctor of infectious diseases, organiser of hospitals. He graduated from the Military Medical Academy (1907)

Jensen D.I., (1816-1902), sculptor

JENSEN David Ivanovich (1816, Denmark -1902, St. Petersburg), sculptor. Studied at the Royal Academy of Arts in Copenhagen under B. Thorvaldsen, moved to St. Petersburg in 1841. Taught at the Painting School of Arts Society (1843-47) with L.A

Kibalchich N.I. (1853-1881), revolutionary, inventor

KIBALCHICH Nikolay Ivanovich (1853-1881, St. Petersburg), participant of the revolutionary movement, inventor. On graduating from Novgorod-Seversk Gymnasium (1871), entered the Institute of Communications Engineers

Korotkov N. S. (1874-1920), surgeon

KOROTKOV Nikolay Sergeevich (1874-1920, Petersburg), surgeon, Doctor of Medicine (1910). He graduated from Moscow University (1898). Korotkov moved to St. Petersburg in 1903

Kravkov N.P., (1865-1924), pharmacologist

KRAVKOV Nikolay Pavlovich (1865-1924, Petrograd), one of the founders of Soviet pharmacology, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1920. He graduated from St. Petersburg University in 1888 and the Army Medical Academy in 1892

Kulbin N.I. (1868-1917), Artist

KULBIN Nikolay Ivanovich (1868, St. Petersburg - 1917, Petrograd) painter, graphic artist, art theorist; actual privy counsellor (1915), lecturer at the Army Medical College (from 1907), a doctor of the General Staff (from 1903)

Lang G. F., (1875 - 1948), physician

LANG Georgy Fedorovich (1875, St. Petersburg - 1948, Leningrad), physician, organiser of public welfare, Academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1945), honourable worker of science (1934)

Lazarev N.V., (1895-1974), toxicologist

LAZAREV Nikolay Vasilievich (1895, Tsarskoe Selo, St. Petersburg Province - 1974, Leningrad), pharmacologist, M. D. in 1936, and Professor in 1938. He graduated from the Kiev Medical Institute in 1925

Lebedev S.V., (1874-1934), chemist

LEBEDEV Sergey Vasilievich (1874-1934), chemist, member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1932). Graduated from the Department of Natural Science of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of the University of St. Petersburg in 1900

Manassein V. A., (1841-1901), physician

MANASSEIN Vyacheslav Avxentievich (1841-1901, St. Petersburg), general physician, Doctor of Medicine (1869). He graduated from the Medical Surgical Academy (1866)

Manukhin I. I. (1882-1958), doctor

MANUKHIN Ivan Ivanovich (1882-1958), doctor and public figure. He graduated from the Military Medical Academy (1906), and became a doctor of medical sciences (1911)

Milutin D.A., (1816-1912), Field-Marshal General, statesman

MILUTIN Dmitry Alexeevich (1816-1912), count (from 1878), statesman and military leader, historian and author of memoirs, Field Marshal General (1898), Adjutant General (1859), Honorary Fellow of the St

Nechaev A. A., (1845-1922), physician

NECHAEV Alexander Afanasievich (1845-1922, Petersburg), physician and health care organiser, Doctor of Medicine (1882), Honoured Professor (1920). He graduated from the Medical Surgical Academy (1870)

Obukhovskaya Hospital

OBUKHOVSKAYA HOSPITAL (106 Fontanka Embankment) was founded in 1779; originally it had 60 beds and included "Dolgauz,” the first psychiatric institution in the city. It was named after Obukhovsky Avenue and Bridge

Oppel V. A., (1872 - 1932), surgeon

OPPEL Vladimir Andreevich (1872, St. Petersburg - 1932, Leningrad), surgeon, Doctor of Medicine (1899). He graduated from the Military Medical Academy (1896), and taught there, becoming a professor in 1907

Orbeli L.A., (1882-1958), physiologist

ORBELI Leon (Levon) Abgarovich (1882-1958), physiologist, member (1935) and vice-president (1942-46) of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, member of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (1943)

Ott D. O., (1855-1929), obstetrician, gynaecologist

OTT Dmitry Oskarovich (1855-1929, Leningrad), obstetrician, gynaecologist, Doctor of Medicine (1884), court medic (1895). Ott graduated from the Medical Surgical Academy in 1879

Pahlen von der P.A. governor-general in 1797-1801

Pahlen (v. der Pahlen) Peter Alexeevich (Peter Ludwig) (1745-1826), count (1799), statesman and a military figure, Cavalry General (1798). Since 1760 had been attending military service; took part in the Seven-year war of 1756-63

Pavlov I.P., (1849-1936), physiologist

PAVLOV Ivan Petrovich (1849-1936, Leningrad), physiologist, member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1907), Russian Academy of Sciences (1917), Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1925). He came to St

Petrov N. N., (1876 - 1964), physician

PETROV Nikolay Nikolaevich (1876, St. Petersburg - 1964, Leningrad), physician, one of the founders of oncology in Russia, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1939)

Pirogov Museum

PIROGOV MUSEUM, Memorial Pirogov Museum founded in 1890 on the basis of the Medical Assembly of the Pirogov Russian Surgical Society. Named after N. I. Pirogov, it was opened in 1898 in the building erected by subscription

Pirogov N. I., (1810-1881), surgeon

PIROGOV Nikolay Ivanovich (1810-1881), physician, teacher, public figure, Doctor of Medicine (1832), Corresponding Member of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1847)

Polenov A. L., (1871-1947), surgeon

POLENOV Andrey Lvovich (1871-1947, Leningrad), one of the founders of Russian neurosurgery, Academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences (1946). He lived in St. Petersburg from 1888. Polenov graduated from the Military Medical Academy (1896)

Rauchfus K. A., (1835 - 1915), pediatrician

RAUCHFUS Karl Andreevich (1835, St. Petersburg - 1915 Petrograd), pediatrician, health care organiser, court paediatrician (1876). He graduated from the Medical Surgical Academy (1857)

Sampsonievsky Bolshoy Avenue

SAMPSONIEVSKY BOLSHOY AVENUE, named Samsonievskaya Street in 1739, then B. Samsonievsky Avenue in the early 19th century, receiving its present name in the late 19th century

Sechenov I.M., (1829-1905), physiologist

SECHENOV Ivan Mikhailovich (1829-1905), physiologist, philosopher, founder of Russian physiological scientific school, Associate (1869) and honorary member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1904). He came to St. Petersburg in 1843

Sklifosovsky N. V., (1836-1904), surgeon

SKLIFOSOVSKY NIKOLAY VASILIEVICH (1836-1904), surgeon. He graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of Moscow University in 1859. In 1871-78 he worked at the chair of Surgical Pathology and Therapy of Medical Surgical Academy

Tur A. F., (1894-1974), paediatrician

TUR Alexander Fedorovich (1894-1974, Leningrad), paediatrician, Academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1952). The main work of Tur was related to the Institute of Motherhood and Infancy (now the Paediatric Medical Academy)

Turner H. I., (1858 - 1941), surgeon, orthopaedist

TURNER Henrich Ivanovich (1858, St. Petersburg - 1941, Leningrad), surgeon, orthopaedist, Doctor of Medicine (1894). He graduated from the Medical Surgical Academy (1881)

Velyaminov N. A., (1855 - 1920), surgeon

VELYAMINOV Nikolay Alexandrovich (1855, St. Petersburg - 1920, Petersburg), surgeon, organiser of hospitals, public figure, Doctor of Medicine(1883), Professor (from 1885), Academician of the Military Medical Academy (1913), court medic (1897)

Voyachek V.I. (1876-1971), member of the Academy of Medical Sciences

VOYACHEK Vladimir Ignatievich (1876, St. Petersburg - 1971, Leningrad), otolaryngologist, member of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR from 1944, Lieutenant General of the Medical Corps in 1943, Hero of Socialist Labour in 1961

Vyborgskaya Side

VYBORGSKAYA SIDE, a historical district of St. Petersburg, on the right bank of the Neva River and the Bolshaya Nevka River. In the east, it is confined by the Chernaya Rechka River

Vyborgsky District

VYBORGSKY DISTRICT is an administrative territorial unit of St. Petersburg. (Its territory administration is located at 86 Bolshoy Sampsonievsky Avenue) The district was founded in 1917; and its present-day territorial borders were established in

Willie Y. V., (1768-1854), baronet

WILLIE Yakov (James) Vasilievich (1768-1854, St. Petersburg) was a baronet (1819), organiser of military medical service, Doctor of Medicine(1794), court medic (1799), honourable member of St

Wreden R. R., (1867 - 1934), orthopaedic surgeon

WREDEN Roman Romanovich (1867, St. Petersburg - 1934, Leningrad), orthopaedic surgeon, Doctor of Medicine (1893), Professor (from 1911). He graduated from the Military Medical Academy (1890)

Zagorodny Avenue

ZAGORODNY AVENUE, running from Vladimirskaya Square to Moskovsky Avenue. The avenue was laid in the 1740s according to a project planned by the Commission for the Building of St