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Rubricator / / Science. Education
Berg L.S., (1876-1950), biologist and geographer

BERG Lev Semenovich (1876-1950, Leningrad), geographer, biologist, Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1946). Graduated from Moscow University in 1898. In 1904-13, worked at the Zoological Museum of the Academy of Sciences in St

Bering V.I., (1681-1741),navigator

BERING Vitus Ionassen (1681-1741), navigator, Commandor Captain (1730), originally from Denmark. From 1704 signed up for the Russian Fleet, served in the Baltic and Azov fleets. After retirement (1724) was summoned by Peter the Great to St

Berkov P.N., (1896-1969), literature historian

BERKOV Pavel Naumovich (1896-1969, Leningrad), historian of literature, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1960). Graduated from the Faculty of History and Philology of the Vienna University in 1923

Bernoulli D. (1700-1782), Physicist

BERNOULLI, Daniel (1700-1782) mathematician, Member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1725-33). Born into a family of Swiss scientists. His brother Nicolaus and his nephew Jacob were also members of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences

Bestuzhev's Courses

BESTUZHEV'S COURSES, St. Petersburg Higher Women’s (Bestuzhev's) Courses, the first ever Russian institution of higher education for women. Opened in 1878 on the initiative of A. N. Beketov, N. V. Stasova, M. V. Trubnikov and A. P. Filosofova

Betskoy I.I. (1704-1795), statesman and teacher

BETSKOY (Betsky) Ivan Ivanovich (1703 or 1704-1795, St. Petersburg), statesman and public figure, actual privy counsellor (1766). He was the illegitimate son of General Field Marshal Prince I.Y. Trubetskoy

Bichurin N.Y. (Iakinf) (1777-1853), Chinologist, translator

BICHURIN Nikita Yakovlevich (monastic name Iakinf) (1777-1853, St. Petersburg), scholar of Eastern Studies, corresponding member of Russian Academy (1828). Graduated from the Theological Seminary of Kazan (1799)

Blok's Memorial Flat

BLOK'S MEMORIAL FLAT situated at 57 Dekabristov Street, branch of the State Museum of St. Petersburg History. It was opened in 1980 for the 100th anniversary of the poet's death in M. E. Petrovsky's former apartment house built by architect M. F

Blumentrost L. L. (1692-1755), court physician, first President of the Petersburg Academy of Science

BLUMENTROST Lavrenty Lavrentievich (1692-1755, St. Petersburg), court physician, first President of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences. He studied at the Universities of Halle, Oxford, and Leiden and earned the degree of Doctor of Medicine (1713)

Boarding Schools (entry)

BOARDING SCHOOLS, fee-paying residential schools. State boarding schools were attached to gymnasiums and progymnasiums. Charges were divided into full boarders and half boarders, the latter group was provided with boarding only

Bogdanov A.I., (the 1690s-1766), Bibliognost, Historian.

BOGDANOV Andrey Ivanovich (the 1690s - 1766, St. Petersburg), first Russian bibliognost, historian of St. Petersburg, linguist. Worked as a master at the Gunpowder Factory in St. Petersburg from the 1710s, and as a printer at the St

Boklevsky K.P., (1862-1928), Ship Building Engineer

BOKLEVSKY, Konstantin Petrovich (1862-1928) was a shipbuilding engineer and Major-General of the College of Naval Architects (1914). He graduated from the Technical College of the Naval Department (1884) and from Nikolaevskaya Naval Academy (1888)

Bonch-Bruevich M.A., (1888-1940), radio technician

BONCH-BRUEVICH Mikhail Alexandrovich (1888-1940, Leningrad), radio technician, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1931). Graduated from the Nikolaevsky Engineering School (1909) and the Military Electrotechnical School in

Borodin A.P., (1833-1887), composer

BORODIN Alexander Porfirievich (1833, St. Petersburg - 1887, ibidem), chemist, composer. A graduate of the Academy of Surgical Medical Sciences (1856), in 1858 he earned a doctorate in medicine and in 1864 was conferred the title of professor

Botanic Garden

BOTANIC GARDEN (2 Professora Popova Street) originates from the Apothecary Garden (established by order of Tsar Peter the Great). Its overall area was 22.9 ha including 2.5 ha of conservatories and buildings, 16

Botanical Museum

BOTANICAL MUSEUM, located at 2 Professora Popova Street, is the only botanical museum in the country. The museum dates back to the Botanical Museum of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences established in 1823 and officially opened in 1835

Brodsky's Memorial Flat

BRODSKY'S MEMORIAL FLAT situated at 3 Iskusstv Square, branch of the Research Museum of the Russian Academy of Arts, monument to the Russian art heritage, and artist I. I. Brodsky's memorial flat

Bryullov B.P. (1882-1939?), Regional Ethnographer

BRYULLOV Boris Pavlovich (1882, Pavlovsk - 1939), art historian, regional ethnographer, organizer of excursions around Leningrad. Grandson of A. P. Bryullov. Graduated from the Faculty of History and Philology of the St

Butlerov A.M., (1828-1886), chemist

BUTLEROV Alexander Mikhailovich (1828-1886), organic chemist, Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1874). Graduated from Kazan University in 1849. From 1868, held a professorship at Petersburg University

Cabin of Peter the Great, museum

CABIN OF PETER THE GREAT (6 Petrovskaya Embankment), St. Petersburg's oldest building. The cabin, which consisted of two rooms separated by a hallway and a bedroom was constructed on 24-26.5

Cadet Corps (entry)

CADET CORPS were military educational secondary boarding schools. Until 1917, they were aimed mainly at the nobility. The education began in cadet corps from the ages of 10-12 (in the 1770s-90s, from 5-8), and lasted seven to fifteen years

Cell Biology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of

CELL BIOLOGY of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of, located at 4 Tikhoretsky Avenue, is the main scientific research institution for studying cell biology. It was established in 1957 on the initiative of D. N

Central Military and Naval Museum

MILITARY AND NAVAL MUSEUM, Central Museum of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation (4 Birzhevaya Square), one of Russia's oldest museums. It was founded by Tsar Peter the Great in 1709 as Model Chamber

Central Regional Studies Bureau

CENTRAL REGIONAL STUDIES BUREAU (CRSB) was a public organization coordinating regional studies in the country. Central Regional Studies Bureau was created in 1922 by the decision of the 1st All-Russian Conference of Scientific Societies for Regional

Central Research Institute of Robotics and Engineering Cybernetics

CENTRAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF ROBOTICS AND ENGINEERING CYBERNETICS, located at 21 Tikhoretsky Avenue, was established in 1961 as the Experimental-Design Bureau of Engineering Cybernetics at Leningrad Polytechnic Institute

Central Scientific Research Institute of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine

CENTRAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE (70/4 Leningradskaya Street, village of Pesochny) was established in 1918 as a medico-biological department of the State Institute of X-ray Technology and Radiology

Central St. Petersburg State Historical Archive

CENTRAL ST. PETERSBURG STATE HISTORICAL ARCHIVE (18 Pskovskaya Street) was founded in 1936 as Leningrad Regional Historical Archive, in 1941 it was renamed the Leningrad State Regional Historical Archive

Chaliapin F. I. Memorial Flat

CHALIAPIN F. I. MEMORIAL FLAT (2b Graftio Street) is a branch of the Museum of Theatre and Music Art. The Chaliapin F. I. Memorial Flat was opened in 1975 in the flat where F. I. Chaliapin lived in 1914-22

Chebyshev P.L., (1821-1894), mathematician

CHEBYSHEV Pafnuty Lvovich (1821-1894, St. Petersburg), mathematician and mechanical engineer, Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences from 1859. He graduated from Moscow University with a major in physics and mathematics in 1841. He came to St

Chernov D.K., (1839-1921), Metallurgist

Chernov Dmitry Konstantinovich (1839, St. Petersburg - 1921), scientist of metallurgy. He graduated from St. Petersburg Technological Institute (1858), and later taught there in 1859-68 (26/49 Moskovsky Avenue; commemorative plaque)